Housing habitability was determined to be the key driver of the future population of New Orleans.
RAND developed an approach to estimating future population for four points in time based on estimates of housing habitability, which were, in turn, determined by floodwater depth and the pace of housing reconstruction, as well as an estimate of the pre-Katrina population by the condition of its housing after Katrina. An important role for policymakers in shaping the repopulation process in New Orleans will be to minimize the uncertainty faced by residents and businesses by speeding up the reconstruction process. Department of Defense federally funded research and development centers. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings.
All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity. Read preview. The Bring New Orleans Back Commission needed estimates of the city's population in the immediate future the next three to six months and the near-term future the next one to three years to guide the redevelopment planning process.
The study was completed in early January A conceptual framework based on the costs and benefits of migration and on the role of social networks and physical constraints guided the estimates. Housing habitability was determined to be the key driver of the future population of New Orleans. RAND developed an approach to estimating future population for four points in time based on estimates of housing habitability, which were, in turn, determined by floodwater depth and the pace of housing reconstruction, as well as an estimate of the pre-Katrina population by the condition of its housing after Katrina.
An important role for policymakers in shaping the repopulation process in New Orleans will be to minimize the uncertainty faced by residents and businesses by speeding up the reconstruction process.
Download The Repopulation Of New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina
The Central Business District skyline is silhouetted with cranes slowly but surely toiling over half-finished apartment complexes. NORA, the agency that assumed control of properties bought out through federal aid programmes, has sold thousands of homes and lots. Carroll was voted president of the BIA this year, her first as an active organiser after a five-year breather. In response, Broadmoor has tried to institutionalise its community organisation through a sort of hyperlocal neighbourhood government.
Residents in voted to form a special improvement district, a legal construct that essentially allows the BIA to collect taxes. Three neighbourhood sub-groups elect three representatives apiece to dole out the money to staff and various projects.
That problem is not unique to Broadmoor — nor to community organisations. Every government and non-profit official I spoke to similarly acknowledged the difficulty of maintaining such a high rate of change in the face of diminished funding and volunteer support. And perhaps that memory is enough to continue motivating them. The green dot remains.
New Orleans will celebrate its th anniversary in In less than a decade since Katrina, New Orleans has suffered through not just the global financial crisis but the BP oil spill, which devastated the Gulf Coast. New jobs at tech and information firms entice young professionals to flock in.
8 Maps of Displacement and Return in New Orleans After Katrina - CityLab
Yet long-term questions endure. Though educational outcomes have improved citywide, the wholesale move to charter schools remains a topic of fierce debate, with results varying widely between neighbourhoods. New challenges have emerged as well. Repopulation and redevelopment have proceeded unevenly across neighbourhoods, partly because of early government stumbles. And those disparities often fall along racial lines, as black residents were historically segregated into flood-prone areas.
The city in counted , fewer black residents than it did in , according to the Data Center. Public policies after the storm tended to disadvantage the African-American community further.
New Orleans, 10 years after Katrina: do residents feel more prepared?
The housing market, devastated by Katrina, remains tight. Other costs of living, such as flood insurance rates, have likewise risen. Thirty-seven percent of residents now pay more than half their income toward housing, 11 percentage points higher than the national average. None would have succeeded without buy-in from residents or local groups. And Mobley thinks the city might have an advantage in continuing such engagement as the spectre of crisis fades further. Dressed in pale purple suits, the Single Ladies Social Aid and Pleasure Club dances across crumbling asphalt, waving feathered fans to the hip-hop infused beats.
When it stops for a brief respite on South Liberty Street, dark storm clouds open and a heavy rain begins falling on the hodge-podge of paraders. A thunderclap draws a cheer from the crowd, and the music awakes once more.
The downpour only intensifies as the parade continues. Men wave water-soaked shirts above their heads, women twirl umbrellas in the air, and children dance atop front porches. The rain only seems to embolden the Second Line, to challenge people to dance harder with each subsequent bolt of lightning. Every inch of my body soaked, I peel off from the parade and take refuge in the entryway of a church on Jackson Street.
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Topics Cities Resilient cities. New Orleans Natural disasters and extreme weather Hurricanes features.